History of vaccination in Australia
The tables listed below provide a summary of the significant events in vaccination practice in Australia, particularly for vaccines used in population-based immunisation programs.
The information provided in these tables has been obtained from a wide range of historical sources, including The Australian Immunisation Handbook; vaccine preventable diseases and vaccination coverage reports; and state, territory and federal government health department information. To the best of our knowledge this information is correct at the time of publication although any feedback is most welcome.
We have chosen to use generic names rather than trade names to describe vaccines, except in rare instances.
When using these tables the following definitions apply:
‘Registered’ refers to the date on which the Therapeutic Goods Administration first approved the use of a vaccine.
‘Recommended’ refers to when a vaccine was formally recommended for use in a particular group, with or without funding. For national recommendations in the last two decades, this has most commonly been done by the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI) via The Australian Immunisation Handbook.
‘Funded’ refers to when the vaccine was available at no cost to the recipient. This most often refers to vaccines funded under the National Immunisation Program (NIP) but can also include state/territory and other funded programs.
Tables are provided as PDF files.
- Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (March 2016)
- Haemophilus influenzae type b (November 2015)
- Hepatitis A (March 2015)
- Hepatitis B (November 2015)
- Human papillomavirus (HPV) (November 2015)
- Influenza (July 2015)
- Japanese encephalitis (July 2015)
- Measles, mumps, rubella (March 2016)
- Meningococcal (November 2015)
- Pneumococcal (November 2015)
- Polio (July 2015)
- Q fever (March 2015)
- Rotavirus (July 2014)
- Varicella (December 2013)
- Zoster (November 2015)